Below are the researched reasons for the bill.
Congress makes the following findings:
(1) The United States almost has the highest child poverty rate among 34 industrialized countries.
(2) Thirty-two percent of all children in the United States lived with only 1 or neither of their parents. African-American children are the most likely of all children to live in such families–63 percent, compared to 53 percent of American Indian children, 34 percent of Hispanic children, 24 percent of non-Hispanic White children, and 15 percent of Asian-American and Pacific Islander children.
(3) One of the most important factors in a child’s upbringing is whether the child is brought up in a loving, healthy, supportive environment.
(4) Children who grow up with 2 parents are, on average, more likely than their peers in single-parent homes to finish high school and be economically self-sufficient.
(5) Father-child interaction, like mother-child interaction, has been shown to promote the positive physical, social, emotional, and mental development of children.
(6) Children typically live with a single parent when their parents are divorced or did not marry. More than 1/3 of all first marriages end in divorce, and about 60 percent of divorcing couples have children. More than 40 percent of all births are to unmarried women.
(7) Nearly 1 in 3 families with children have only 1 parent present, and more than 1 in 5 children live absent their biological father.
(8) Recent studies demonstrate that most unwed fathers in urban areas are highly involved with the mother of their child before and after the child’s birth, with 80 percent involved during the mother’s pregnancy, and 50 percent living with the child’s mother at the time of the child’s birth. However, the relationship between the parents often does not last, and many fathers do not maintain contact with their children as the children grow up.
(9) An estimated 49 percent of the children who live in households without their father have not seen their fathers in at least 1 year.
(10) Fathers’ love, care, and emotional support are positively linked to good social, emotional, and cognitive development in their children; their children’s academic achievement; lower rates of risky behaviors and contact the juvenile justice system; positive social behavior; positive emotional health; and healthy self-esteem.