The United States has the biggest population of prisoners in the world, both in terms of the number incarcerated and as a percentage of the total population.
John Legend sent the internet into a whirl last night when he said during his Oscars acceptance speech for the Song ‘Glory’ from the motion picture ‘Selma’:
“We know that the Voting Rights Act that they fought for 50 years ago is being compromised right now, in this country, today. We know that right now, the struggle for freedom and justice is real. We live in the most incarcerated country in the world. There are more black men under correctional control today then there were under slavery in 1850.”
So while there are fewer black men physically in prison today than there were in slavery in 1850, the addition of probation and parole brings it over the top.
Here are the numbers:
- In 1850, there were 872,924 black men (16 or older) who were enslaved in the US, according to the Census.
- As of December 31, 2013, there were about 526,000 black men in state and federal prisons in the US.
- In 2013, there were about 877,000 black men on probation, and 280,000 black men on parole (according to a Bureau of Justice Statistics source cited by Politifact).
- The Bureau of Justice Statistics doesn’t break down jail populations by both race and gender, but 86 percent of all 730,000 jail residents in 2013 were male, and 36 percent were black. So it seems plausible that at least a couple hundred thousand black men are in jail.
Where America appears to distinguish itself is in the length of sentences for property crimes and drug crimes. One study found that sentences in the United States for burglary are about three times longer than sentences in England for the same crime.
The disparity is even bigger for drug cases. A first-time offender convicted of possessing a kilogram of heroin could get 4 months of prison in England. In America, the federal mandatory minimum sentence is 10 years.
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